arXiv CSR 2019 | tags:[ induced subgraphs combinatorial games ]

# On Induced Online Ramsey Number of Paths, Cycles, and Trees

with Pavel Dvořák and Tomáš Valla## Abstract

An online Ramsey game is a game between Builder and Painter, alternating in turns. They are given a graph $H$ and a graph $G$ of an infinite set of independent vertices. In each round Builder draws an edge and Painter colors it either red or blue. Builder wins if after some finite round there is a monochromatic copy of the graph $H$, otherwise Painter wins. The online Ramsey number $\widetilde r(H)$ is the minimum number of rounds such that Builder can force a monochromatic copy of $H$ in $G$. This is an analogy to the size-Ramsey number $\overline r(H)$ defined as the minimum number such that there exists graph $G$ with $\overline r(H)$ edges where for any edge two-coloring $G$ contains a monochromatic copy of $H$.

In this paper, we introduce the concept of induced online Ramsey numbers: the induced online Ramsey number $\widetilde r_{ind}(H)$ is the minimum number of rounds Builder can force an induced monochromatic copy of $H$ in $G$. We prove asymptotically tight bounds on the induced online Ramsey numbers of paths, cycles and two families of trees. Moreover, we provide a result analogous to Conlon [On-line Ramsey Numbers, SIAM J. Discr. Math. 2009], showing that there is an infinite family of trees $T_1,T_2,\dots$, $|T_i|<|T_{i+1}|$ for $i\ge1$, such that $\lim_{i\to\infty} \frac{\widetilde r(T_i)}{\overline r(T_i)} = 0.$